1.allow sb to do sth允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)
My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.
2.asked sb(not)to do sth叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)
My father asked me to study hard.
He asked me not to swim alone.
be asked to do sth被叫去做某事/被约请去做某事
I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.
3.be afraid to do sth畏惧做某事
She is afraid to ask me questions.
4.be afaid of doing sth畏惧去做某事
I am afraid of going out at night.
5.be afaid of sth畏惧某物
He is afraid of snakes.
6.be amazed to do sth对做某事感应惊讶
He was amazed to meet the girl there.
be amazed at sth对某事感应惊讶
they were amazed at the news.
7.be busy doing/with sth忙于做某事(常考)
I was busy washing my car at that time.
I am busy with my work.
The bus is coming/The dog is dying.
9.be excited to do sth对做……感应兴奋
Jacky was excited to travel there by plane.
be excited at sth对……感应兴奋
Lily was excited at his words.
be excited about doing sth做某事感应兴奋
he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.
10.be frightened to do sth畏惧去做某事
Sam is frightened to ride a horse.
11.be glad/happy to do sth喜悦去做某事
She is happy to clean the blackboard with me.
be pleased to do sth喜悦做某事
She was pleased to help the old man yesterday.
be pleased with sth对某事感应喜悦/满足
The teacher was pleased with my answer.
12.be interested in sth/doing sth对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣
She is interested inswimming in the river.
My btother is interested in Chinese.
13.be/get ready for/to rickymomodo sth
be ready for为某事做好了准备
We are ready for the exam.
be ready to do sth为做某事做好了准备
We are ready to have a birthday party for her.
get ready for sth为某事在做准备
We are getting ready for the exam.
14.be surprised to do sth对做某事感应惊讶
I’d be surprised to see him on such an occasion.
be surprised at sth对某事感应惊讶
This is nothing to be surprised at.
15.be worth doing sth值得做某事(worth后接动词-ing形式，常考)
It was too remote to be worth thinking about.
16.begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth最先去做某事
When do children begin to go to school?
17.can/be able to afford(to buy)sth有能力肩负(购置)……
At this rate we won’t be able to afford a holiday.
18.may/might do sth可能做某事
We may come at another time.
19.can’t wait todo sth迫不急待地去做某事
I can’t wait to hear the news.
20.decide to do sth决议去做某事
make up one’s mind to do sth下决心去做某事(常考)
make a decision to do sth对做某事作出决议
-What do they decide to do?
-I have made up my mind to go with him